CARS2006 spans the southern 2/3 of the worlds oceans, from 70S to 26N, except in the Atlantic where is reaches only to10N. The six water properties mapped in are temperature (deg C), salinity (PSU), oxygen (ml/litre), nitrate (micromole/litre), silicate (micromole/litre), phosphate (micromole/litre). It comprises historic mean fields and average seasonal cycles, derived from all available historical subsurface ocean property measurements (primarily research vessel instrument casts and autonomous profiling buoys). The standard deviation for the nitrate data is used to show the spatial and temporal variation of nitrate in the bottom water utilising all of the historical data for each day of the year. This dataset is a contribution to the CERF Marine Biodiversity Hub.