A land parcel is an area of land with defined boundaries, under unique ownership for specific real property rights. A property is something that is capable of being owned, either in the form of real property (land) or personal property (chattels). The interest can involve physical aspects, such as the use of land, or conceptual rights, such as a right to use the land in the future.
The cadastre is an up to date parcel based land information system which contains a record of interests in land (i.e. rights, restrictions and responsibilities). The cadastre includes a geometric description of land parcels linked to other records describing the nature of the interests, the ownership or control of those interests, and often the value of the parcel and its improvements. A cadastral product or service visualises the boundaries of land parcels, often buildings on land, the parcel identifier, basic topographic features and sometimes boundary corner monumentation. The land parcel and property theme provides the basic fabric of land ownership. It consists of the national cadastral database and associated parcel and property information.
Descriptive data includes the identifier, tenure, ownership type, size, value, land
use and legal rights or restrictions associated with each separate land object.